March 26, 2015
It is offered to bring confirmation of compliance of domestic production to quality and safety requirements to the international level. The White house believes that accession of Federal Accreditation Service to the international organizations would allow to recognize the Russian certificates abroad and, consequently, to facilitate export of goods. Moreover, the authorities intend to strengthen control over organizations "stamping" certificates of conformity and using a set of regulations at the same time.
"What products enter the Russian market depends on the efficiency of testing laboratories, certification bodies"— emphasized the Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev at a meeting of the government today. In order to ensure unified approach to this activity in 2012, the Federal Service for accreditation — RusAccreditation has been created and the law "On Accreditation in National Accreditation System" came into force in 2014. According to this law, the Service confirms the compliance of the legal entity or individual entrepreneur to certain criteria. Such accredited entities check goods (products, drugs, vehicles) for compliance with quality and safety requirements. Now there are two types of accredited organizations: laboratories (approximately
9 thousand) engaged in testing and certification bodies (approximately 1,5 thousand).
"This system was born not easy as all authorities were interested in keeping particular issues of regulation and ability to influence the admission of goods to the market" — reminded Igor Shuvalov, the first Deputy Prime Minister. According to Dmitry Medvedev, now the procedure "in general complies with the international standards" — for example, the electronic format of interaction has been already introduced. Since 2013 information system operates in the field of accreditation. Annually, according to the information of the Ministry of Economic Development, approximately 5 million of requests are sent by custom authorities as well as by citizens and companies wishing to check if the acquired production meets the requirements.
Currently the authorities set more global objectives for the Federal Service for accreditation — until the end of 2016 it is planned to access the International Accreditation Forum and the International laboratory accreditation cooperation (today the Service has only the associated membership in this organization). "Probably, it is required to come to execution of agreements with the states entering into the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)" — added Igor Shuvalov. According to him, there is no such an issue in the agenda, but recognition of the Russian certificates by the countries of OECD would help domestic producers in export promotion.
In order to improve the quality of work of accredited organizations, according to the Minister of Economic Development Alexey Ulyukaev, a "risk-oriented approach" is being implemented. There is also a group of especialy high risk (approximately 600 organizations) which, according to him, "stamp the relevant documents". The minister noted that now 4% of the organizations issue 80% of certificates — and the considerable part thereof occurs without required laboratory testing. The authorities would also monitor the group of a high risk — it is approximately 1,2 thousand organizations guided at once by a set of regulations (that allows to choose how to conduct a conformity assessment of production) and these organization commit violations as well. "There are egregious examples. Last year there were 2 million doses of vaccines, the safety of which was not checked properly" — Mr Ulyukaev noted.
The Chairman of the Board of Directors of JSC Pipe Metallurgical Co. Dmitry Pumpyansky designated one more "problem field" — the falsification of certificates and the presence of counterfeit production in the market. In his opinion, in order to solve these problems it is required to combine efforts of Federal Accreditation Service and law enforcement bodies. "It can be done within recently created state commission for the fight against counterfeit and smuggling" — Mr Pumpyansky has considered.